Officials said the chase began just after 2 a.m. when a Pierce County sheriff's deputy tried to pull the driver over south of Tacoma.
The driver refused to stop and sped away, and at one point got on Interstate 5 going the wrong direction.
Police stopped chasing him when he got on the freeway, but resumed the chase when he exited I-5.
At one point the driver slowed down to let a passenger jump out of the car and then sped off again.
Officials said the driver lost control when he tried to swerve out of the way of another car near 38th and South L Street, causing him to slam into the side of a brick duplex.
No one inside the house was hurt, but the 44-year-old man who was driving the car was seriously injured in the crash.
He was taken to a local hospital where he was expected to recover.
It was not immediately clear why deputies initially tried to pull the car over, but police said the driver had an outstanding arrest warrant.
Police shut down roads near the crash scene for several hours while they collected evidence and crews worked to clear the wrecked car.